America’s largest and most legendary river claims both its birthplace and its most wild and scenic stretches in Minnesota. Follow the Mississippi’s epic journey across the state, and you’ll have a road trip that encompasses everything from pine-scented northern wilds to majestic southern bluffs to the state’s tallest skylines.
Each stop along the way offers a rich history, boasting characters from Paul Bunyan to Judy Garland, and roadside wildlife sightings from black bears to bald eagles. Plan carefully, and you can also catch the fall color progression as it makes its way from north to south. Here’s a look at some places you’ll find on a Great River Road trip.
At Itasca State Park in northwest Minnesota, hopping from rock to rock across the headwaters of the Mississippi River is a bucket list activity. While there, learn how pioneering spirits like Mary Gibbs fought fiercely to protect this land from logging companies, climb the fire tower for a bird’s-eye view, explore hands-on exhibits at the Jacob Brower Center, dine or stay overnight at the historic Douglas Lodge, or take a narrated nature cruise across Lake Itasca (available through early October).
Head 30 minutes south to the town of Park Rapids, where the charming downtown entices visitors with ice cream, homemade candies, cabin decor and other souvenirs to remind you of your trip with after returning home.
The Mississippi feeds into Lake Bemidji, which anchors this college town like a big blue jewel. Along its southwest shore, Paul Bunyan and Babe the Blue Ox stand proudly for photo ops. Cross the street to explore downtown’s sculptures, shop for Ojibwe crafts, warm up with locally produced wool blankets and jackets, catch a show at the art deco theater, or rent a bike for a spin along the lakeshore.
On the lake’s northern shore, Lake Bemidji State Park’s boardwalk offers an intriguing glimpse of northern Minnesota’s bog country. For more to do in Bemidji, check out our Bemidji city guide.
Dedicated “Wizard of Oz” fans know Grand Rapids was home to a little girl who became Hollywood’s darling when she sang “Somewhere Over the Rainbow’ and danced down the yellow brick road in ruby red slippers. The Judy Garland Museum tells her story year-round, while the adjacent Children’s Discovery Museum features a dinosaur dig, water table and other hands-on exhibits.
A trio of golf courses makes Grand Rapids a destination for teeing off, and the only paved portion of the Taconite State Trail is a draw for day hikers. The town also sits on the cusp of Minnesota’s Iron Range, with its rich mix of industrial history and European ethnicity.
Brainerd Lakes Area
While it’s best known for hundreds of lakes and legendary resorts, this cluster of towns was born in the late 1870s where the new railroad crossed the Mississippi and picked up logs for the lumber mills. Visitors can sample gourmet chocolates at The Chocolate Ox in Nisswa or Fancy Pants Chocolates in Brainerd, or bike or geocache along the Paul Bunyan State Trail, which follows a former railroad line past lakes, resorts and charming downtowns.
Known for its granite quarries, this central Minnesota town offers one of the state’s prettiest places to admire the Mississippi. Follow shady, lush paths through the historic Munsinger Gardens or hike uphill to admire the vibrant Clemens Gardens and toss a coin in the three-tiered fountain. Rent kayaks or canoes to float among the Beaver Islands on the way to Clearwater.
Strategically placed high above the confluence of the Minnesota and Mississippi rivers, the cannons of Historic Fort Snelling boom across the river as costumed soldiers perform their drills. In Minneapolis, the Mill City Museum explains how the river powered massive flour mills that made Minneapolis the world’s bread basket in the late 1800s. Visit the Mississippi National River and Recreation Area, a national park site that spans 72 miles (116km), with visitor centers at St. Anthony Falls and the Science Museum of Minnesota in downtown St. Paul.
Today, Minneapolis is known for its sports teams, sleek skyscrapers, trendy neighborhoods, and stellar dining, theater and nightlife. In neighboring St. Paul, take a walking tour of the stately Summit Avenue (offered by the James J. Hill House through September), board a fall sightseeing cruise with Padelford Riverboats, or rent a kayak from one of three Paddle Share locations.
Art lovers thrive in this southernmost city, tucked around a lake and along the river with bluffs as a backdrop. Admire world-class paintings and craftsmanship at the Minnesota Marine Art Museum; take a historic architecture and stained glass tour through the Victorian-era downtown; enjoy Polish music, treats and cultural exhibits on Smaczne Jablka (Apple Day) in early October; and celebrate harvest season at Garvin Heights Vineyard. If you’re visiting in summer, be sure to check out one of Winona’s many arts festivals.