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Discover where the mighty Mississippi River starts in northern Minnesota

By Lisa Meyers McClintick

Since the days of Native Americans, the story of the "Father of Waters" is fascinating–and it all begins in Minnesota.

Mississippi Headwaters
Lake Itasca (Credit: Explore Minnesota)

People from around the world come to Itasca State Park in northwest Minnesota to marvel at the serene birthplace of the mighty Mississippi River. They pose next to a large pine log carved with yellow letters that marks the beginning of the great river’s 2,552-mile (4,108km) route across America, from Minnesota’s north woods to the Gulf of Mexico.

Since the days of Native Americans exploring the region to the pageantry of the steamboat era, the story of the “Father of Waters” is fascinating, and it all begins in Minnesota. According to legend, those who step across the Mississippi at its source will live a long and happy life, and great riches will come to whoever finds the mythical Cities of Gold along its banks.

Visitors of all ages carefully hop rock to rock across the spot where Lake Itasca flows into the river’s humble beginning. On hot summer days, children and hikers seeking a cooling reprieve wade into the gentle waters beneath the shade of fragrant pines that have towered like sentries for hundreds of years.

Things to do at Itasca State Park

The Mary Gibbs Visitor Center, adjacent to the headwaters, features exhibits on the river’s history and cultural importance. Minnesota is home to more of the Mississippi than any other state, including the river’s most wild and scenic stretches as it flows north to Bemidji and east through several large lakes and the Chippewa National Forest.

Itasca also stands out as Minnesota’s oldest state park (established in 1891), one of its largest at 32,000 acres (13,000 hectares), and among its grandest thanks to a variety of lodging that’s rich in historic character and similar in style to national park lodges built in the early 1900s. The park offers more than 220 campsites, plus cabins, suites, rooms at historic Douglas Lodge, and even a hostel in the 1922 former park headquarters.

Get your bearings and enjoy hands-on exhibits on loons, forest fires, logging and wildlife at the Brower Visitor Center. The scenic, 10-mile (16km) Wilderness Drive circles through the park. For an eagle’s-eye view of the majestic forest, brave the climb up the Aiton Heights observation tower.

Narrated boat excursions explore Lake Itasca, sharing natural history lessons and pointing out wildlife such as bald eagles that soar above the water. You can rent a kayak or canoe to paddle on the lake or bikes to pedal along the 6-mile (10km) trail to the headwaters. Hikers can trek more than 28 miles (45km) of trails around quiet lakes, bogs and into forests that chatter with birds and squirrels, and sightings can include otter, mink and deer. Another highlight is peaceful Preacher’s Grove, with its canopy of tall pines.

During the summer, the “Music under the Pines” series of weekend concerts features an eclectic lineup. For kids, an array of naturalist programs covers fun topics from animal tracks to fish painting. Itasca is also popular for its beautiful fall colors and, in the winter, for its cross-country ski McClintick

Other sites along the Great River Road

Besides preserving the Mississippi’s birthplace, Itasca State Park anchors the headwaters region that includes the 88-mile (142km) Lake Country Scenic Byway linking the towns of Park Rapids, Detroit Lakes and Walker. The area is ideal for classic resort cabin or camping vacations. Area towns offer plenty of motels, as well; Park Rapids is 20 miles (32km) south of Itasca State Park, and Bemidji is 30 miles (48km) to the north.

Keep following the river and you’ll hit Grand Rapids, where lumberjack history comes to life; Little Falls, boyhood home of aviator Charles Lindbergh; and Minneapolis-St. Paul, the state’s mecca of arts, culture and the famous Mall of America in Bloomington. The river continues south through charming small towns named after famous Indian chiefs, including Red Wing and Wabasha.

In many cities along the Mississippi, visitors can board riverboats for narrated tours, or get on the river for fishing, canoe, water ski and kayak adventures. Trails and roads along the river provide extended bicycling, hiking and scenic drives. Stop to dine at one of the many restaurants along the river, enjoying magnificent scenery with your meal.

Lisa Meyers McClintick is a prolific travel writer for outlets including USA Today, Midwest Living, the Star Tribune and her website A mom of three, she especially enjoys family travel, hands-on learning vacations, local food and farms, living history and outdoor adventures.